If You Think You Have Bipolar Disorder, Read This
Extreme alterations in mood, energy level, and behavior are hallmarks of bipolar disorder, a persistent mood disease. A person can have bipolar disorder, and it’s not unusual. The NIMH estimates that 2.8% of U.S. adults, or roughly 5 million people, have bipolar disorder. While there is currently no known cure for bipolar disease, numerous effective treatments are available. With the help of these treatments, you can learn to cope with episodes of depression or bipolar disorder, which will alleviate your symptoms and enhance your quality of life.
What is bipolar disorder?
Mood swings, energy levels, thought processes, and behavior is severely disrupted by bipolar disorder, a mental health illness that lasts a person’s entire life. These changes can hinder your ability to go about your routine for several hours, days, weeks, or months.
Hypomanic, manic, and depressed periods characterize those who suffer from one of several subtypes of bipolar illness. People with bipolar disorder can experience both hypomania and mania, and depression. They also have bouts of euthymia or a state of happiness.
The International Bipolar Association reports that symptoms can differ from person to person. Some persons may experience a protracted episode that lasts for months or even years. Some people have their “highs” and “lows” simultaneously, or very quickly, one after the other.
Manic symptoms include:
Extreme levels of joy, anticipation, and energy
Suddenly shifting from a cheerful disposition to one of irritability,
anger, and hostility
Disorganized talk and lack of focus
Enhanced vitality and decreased sleepiness
Extreme levels of sexual desire
Setting ambitious but improbable goals
Having a lack of good sense
A person with bipolar illness may exhibit the following symptoms during depressive phases:
Consumption of resources
Despair or a lack of self-esteem
Disinterest in activities they used to enjoy
Not being able to focus
Lower levels of sexual desire
Lack of capacity for pleasure
Having a hard time deciding what to do
What Are the Causes of Bipolar Disorder?
Bipolar disorder has multiple possible origins. Scientists are looking into what causes it in some people, and they’ve identified a few potential triggers.
For example, sometimes it’s just a matter of genetics, meaning you get it from your parents. Brain development may potentially have a role. However, the particular mechanisms and underlying causes are unknown to science.
What Are the Treatments for Bipolar Disorders?
Treating bipolar disorder is possible. This is a chronic condition requiring continuous medical attention. It’s a lifelong health issue that needs constant attention. Many people with this illness lead healthy, productive lives with families and careers. Some people with the disorder have more difficult-to-treat types, such as those who experience four or more mood episodes each year or struggle simultaneously with substance abuse.
Mood and symptom stabilization medications exist. Typically, a doctor will recommend a mix of:
Lithium antidepressants and other mood stabilizers medications for sleep or anxiety, anticonvulsants, and second-generation antipsychotics (SGAs) for treating manic episodes
Over time, the doctor may need to make adjustments to the dosage. Although everyone responds differently to medications, certain medicines can cause unwanted side effects. People should consult their physician if they have medication questions or concerns.
Psychotherapy and counseling
It can alleviate symptoms and gain the skills necessary to manage bipolar disorder through psychotherapy. Individuals can benefit from therapies like cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) by learning how to:
The ability to identify and control important antecedents like stress
Locate the beginnings of an incident and take corrective action
Pursue means of prolonged periods of emotional stability.
Ask for assistance from someone you trust, such as friends and family or your professors and coworkers.
These measures can help a person maintain good relationships at home and in the workplace. When diagnosing a kid or adolescent with bipolar disorder, doctors sometimes suggest family counseling.
Keeping a steady mood and controlling symptoms is possible with the help of specific lifestyle changes. Those things are:
Maintaining a schedule
Eating in a balanced and nutritious manner
Developing a regular sleeping schedule and implementing measures
to avoid sleep disruptions
Engaging in regular physical activity
You should talk to your doctor before starting any supplement regimen.
Mood, energy, and focus shifts are just a few symptoms of bipolar disorder, a severe but surprisingly common mental health disease. It can cause significant disruption. However, treatment dramatically improves the prognosis. Closely working with a doctor during treatment can make symptoms more bearable and improve quality of life, but it may not eradicate mood changes.